A taxpayer is an individual or entity that has the duty to pay taxes and is classified into two:
- Resident; any individual residing in Thailand for a period or several periods in total of at least 180 days in a tax year (January 1 to December 31) who has a duty to pay tax on income remitted from a source in Thailand as well as on any income from a foreign source in connection with the taxpayers’ employment or business carried on overseas or a property situation overseas and that income is remitted into Thailand within the year that the taxpayer receives that income.
- Non-resident; the one who is subject to tax only on income from sources in Thailand.
A taxpayer in Thailand has the following duties:
- File tax returns and pay proper tax
- Register for tax identification number and must also notify the Revenue Department officers of any changes in his particular details
- Pay tax as assessed by the Revenue Department officers on time
- Provide relevant documents and accounts as the law requires. These include receipts, profit and loss statements, Balance sheets, special accounts, etc.
- Cooperate and assist the Revenue Department officers and provide additional documents or information when required as well as comply with the summon .
If in any case a taxpayer fails to pay a complete amount of tax, the Revenue Department assessment officer has the right to seize, attach and sell that asset (source of income) by auction even without a court decision and the cash that will be raised from the transaction will be used to pay off tax arrears. Eventually, any taxpayer who does not comply with the law will face civil and criminal action.
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